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Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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Using BLAST to compare sequences to a sequence database. By the end of 2002 the GenBank database had over 28x10 9 base pairs of DNA sequence data. Some of this has been annotated, but much of it either has no annotations or is incorrectly annotated. Aligning amino acid sequences: comparison of commonly used methods. Feng DF, Johnson MS, Doolittle RF. We examined two extensive families of protein sequences using four different alignment schemes that employ various degrees of "weighting" in order to determine which approach is most sensitive in establishing relationships.

Determining Evolutionary Relatedness Using Amino Acid and Nucleic Acid Sequence Homology Lesson Objectives. In this lesson, students should answer the two following questions: Are human proteins and DNA similar to other primates? Can the similarities and differences show evolutionary relatedness? Overview The Shape of a Protein Is Specified by Its Amino Acid Sequence. Recall from Chapter 2 that there are 20 types of amino acids in proteins, each with different chemical properties. A protein molecule is made from a long chain of these amino acids, each linked to its neighbor through a covalent peptide bond . A large part of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are thus antiparallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of nucleobases (informally, bases). Nucleic acids are polymers made of monomers called nucleotides. The two types are nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), enable living organisms to reproduce their ... GENIO/logo • RNA/DNA & Amino Acid Sequence Logos • GENIO/logo • Positional dependent information contents of aligned RNA/DNA or amino acid sequences are useful for the display of consensus sequences and for finding optimal search windows used in sequence analysis. Hemoglobin, a protein composed of several long chains of amino acids, is the oxygen-carrying molecule in red blood cells. The sequence shown is only a portion of a chain made up of 146 amino acids. The numbers in Figure 1 indicate the position of a particular amino acid in the chain.

A large part of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are thus antiparallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of nucleobases (informally, bases). Nucleic acids are polymers made of monomers called nucleotides. The two types are nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), enable living organisms to reproduce their ... Analyze and Conclude 1. Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery DNA samples with the sequences of amino acids in the four known hemoglobin molecules. Which mystery amino acid sequence is a match for a hemoglobin molecule? Which hemoglobin molecule is it? 2.

5. You have an RNA transcript that is 105 nucleotides long. How many amino acids will be in the resultant protein? 105/3 = 35 amino acids 6. You have an RNA transcript that is 105 nucleotides long. A frameshift mutation occurs at the 85th nucleotide. How many amino acids will be correct? 85/3 = 28.333 The first 28 amino acids will be correct. The order of amino acids establishes a protein's structure and specific function. The distinct instructions for the order of amino acids are designated by the genes in a cell. When a cell perceives a need for protein synthesis, the DNA unravels and is transcribed into an RNA copy of the genetic code.

Analyze and Conclude 1. Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery DNA samples with the sequences of amino acids in the four known hemoglobin molecules. Which mystery amino acid sequence is a match for a hemoglobin molecule? Which hemoglobin molecule is it? 2.

 

 

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Often in biology we want to compare related or homologous proteins of two or more organisms to see how closely related they are or to search for highly conserved amino acid residues that might suggest an important structural or functional role. Ot...

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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Sequence similarity searching, typically with BLAST (units 3.3, 3.4), is the most widely used, and most reliable, strategy for characterizing newly determined sequences. Sequence similarity searches can identify ”homologous” proteins or genes by detecting excess similarity – statistically significant similarity that reflects common ancestry.

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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Get an answer for 'If the DNA sequence is TACACCTTGGCGACGACT, then what is the amino acid sequence? ' and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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May 30, 2011 · First, DNA is transcribed to (messenger, to be exact) RNA -- each A corresponds to a U, a T to an A, a G to a C, and a C to a G. Then this mRNA attaches to a ribosome, and a triplet of three "letters" (nucleotides), which is called a codon, corresponds to one amino acid, And, like so, the mRNA codes for and is progressively transformed into a chain of amino acids -- in other words, a protein.

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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In general, many sequence alignment programs can use multiple substitution models, distinguishing between nucleotides, amino acids, and codons. A protein sequence has functional information that is not directly visible in the nucleotide sequence. The papers you link deal with horizontal gene transfer, where a gene is passed to more distant ...

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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Assuming this piece of DNA was transcribed and translated from start to finish, how many amino acids would it encode: ATGCCACGGAAACCCGGC? 6 A type of muscular dystrophy called Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy can occur when the nesprin-2 protein contains the amino acid methionine at a certain location instead of the amino acid threonine.

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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May 30, 2011 · First, DNA is transcribed to (messenger, to be exact) RNA -- each A corresponds to a U, a T to an A, a G to a C, and a C to a G. Then this mRNA attaches to a ribosome, and a triplet of three "letters" (nucleotides), which is called a codon, corresponds to one amino acid, And, like so, the mRNA codes for and is progressively transformed into a chain of amino acids -- in other words, a protein.

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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The sequence of amino acids found in a protein is itself the result of the translation of another sequence, a sequence of bases in DNA. There are three bases in the DNA for each amino acid in the protein. This means that comparisons of DNA sequences are finer-grained than comparisons of protein sequences, and can resolve finer differences. The ...

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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What are amino Acids ? - A hormone, a structural protein like keratin, an enzyme, all of these are made up of amino acids. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins in our body.

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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Amino Acid Sequence: Definition & Example ... with amino acids as the links. So, if your DNA specifies that a protein should be made using the amino acid valine, then lysine, and finally serine ...

Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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In general, many sequence alignment programs can use multiple substitution models, distinguishing between nucleotides, amino acids, and codons. A protein sequence has functional information that is not directly visible in the nucleotide sequence. The papers you link deal with horizontal gene transfer, where a gene is passed to more distant ...

Assuming this piece of DNA was transcribed and translated from start to finish, how many amino acids would it encode: ATGCCACGGAAACCCGGC? 6 A type of muscular dystrophy called Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy can occur when the nesprin-2 protein contains the amino acid methionine at a certain location instead of the amino acid threonine.

Aug 21, 2017 · Amino acid sequence of a protein is dictated by base sequences of nucleic acids (= DNA and RNA). Consequetive three bases (=codon) specify one amino acid. To understand the concept begin with central dogma: Also note structure of DNA, RNA and proteins so that you could relate them functionally.

The sequence of amino acids found in a protein is itself the result of the translation of another sequence, a sequence of bases in DNA. There are three bases in the DNA for each amino acid in the protein. This means that comparisons of DNA sequences are finer-grained than comparisons of protein sequences, and can resolve finer differences. The ...

Hemoglobin, a protein composed of several long chains of amino acids, is the oxygen-carrying molecule in red blood cells. The sequence shown is only a portion of a chain made up of 146 amino acids. The numbers in Figure 1 indicate the position of a particular amino acid in the chain.

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A large part of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are thus antiparallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of nucleobases (informally, bases).

Answers should include some reference to the greater the sequence divergence, then the less DNA sequence they have in common so the organisms are not as related. Those with low divergence share a lot of DNA in sequence and are more closely related. 17. Fill in the phylogenetic tree below with Samples 1 through 4 to summarize the relatedness of the

Pairwise Sequence Alignment is used to identify regions of similarity that may indicate functional, structural and/or evolutionary relationships between two biological sequences (protein or nucleic acid). By contrast, Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA) is the alignment of three or more biological sequences of similar length. From the output of ...

Often in biology we want to compare related or homologous proteins of two or more organisms to see how closely related they are or to search for highly conserved amino acid residues that might suggest an important structural or functional role. Ot...

Likewise, the sequences of DNA in you and a sibling differ (unless your sibling is an identical twin), as do those between you and an unrelated individual. However, the DNA sequences of two related individuals are more similar than the sequences of two unrelated individuals, and these similarities in sequence can be observed in various ways.

Get an answer for 'If the amino acid sequences in the proteins of two organisms are similar, why will their DNA also be similar?' and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes

The order of amino acids establishes a protein's structure and specific function. The distinct instructions for the order of amino acids are designated by the genes in a cell. When a cell perceives a need for protein synthesis, the DNA unravels and is transcribed into an RNA copy of the genetic code.

A large part of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are thus antiparallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of nucleobases (informally, bases).

5. You have an RNA transcript that is 105 nucleotides long. How many amino acids will be in the resultant protein? 105/3 = 35 amino acids 6. You have an RNA transcript that is 105 nucleotides long. A frameshift mutation occurs at the 85th nucleotide. How many amino acids will be correct? 85/3 = 28.333 The first 28 amino acids will be correct.

- transferred to a nylon membrane treated with radioactive probes (base sequence complementary to the RFLPs being identified) - placed against X-ray film and exposed for several days - results show two bands: one RFLP from each chromosome - Compare DNA fragment patterns of two or more samples and look for a match between the band sets

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  • DNA and polypeptide sequences from closely related species are more similar to each other than sequences from more distantly related species. In this exercise, you will look at amino acid sequence data for the β polypeptide chain of hemoglobin, often called β-globin.
  • Determining Evolutionary Relatedness Using Amino Acid and Nucleic Acid Sequence Homology Lesson Objectives. In this lesson, students should answer the two following questions: Are human proteins and DNA similar to other primates? Can the similarities and differences show evolutionary relatedness? Overview
  • A biologist determined the amounts of several amino acids in two separate samples of pure protein. The data are shown here: Amino Acid Leucine Alanine Histidine Cysteine Glycine Protein A 7% 12% 4% 2% 5% Protein B 7% 12% 4% 2% 5% The scientist concluded that protein A and protein B were the same protein. Do you agree with this conclusion?
  • Apr 11, 2010 · 1. We need to transcribe each DNA sequence to messenger RNA (mRNA) since amino acids are translated into proteins at the mRNA level. 2. We know DNA has the bases A that binds to T and G that binds to C. 3. However, RNA does not include the base “T.” Instead, it has the bases G that binds to C. and A that binds to U.
  • As DNA changes over time, the proteins that are produced by the DNA change too. The result is that many organisms have similar, but not identical, versions of a given protein. Differences among these homologous proteins provide clues to evolution. In Part A of this lab, you will compare amino acid sequences of hemoglobin from eight mammals.
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  • Hemoglobin, a protein composed of several long chains of amino acids, is the oxygen-carrying molecule in red blood cells. The sequence shown is only a portion of a chain made up of 146 amino acids. The numbers in Figure 1 indicate the position of a particular amino acid in the chain.
  • What are amino Acids ? - A hormone, a structural protein like keratin, an enzyme, all of these are made up of amino acids. Amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins in our body.
  • If any combinations of 20 amino acids are equally possible, there are 1.3 × 10 130 ( = 20 100) possible amino acid sequences in proteins being composed of 100 amino acids. Thus, we easily understand that only a very limited number of sequences of amino acids of theoretically possible ones are utilized in real proteins.
  • Amino Acid Sequence: Definition & Example ... with amino acids as the links. So, if your DNA specifies that a protein should be made using the amino acid valine, then lysine, and finally serine ...
  • Likewise, the sequences of DNA in you and a sibling differ (unless your sibling is an identical twin), as do those between you and an unrelated individual. However, the DNA sequences of two related individuals are more similar than the sequences of two unrelated individuals, and these similarities in sequence can be observed in various ways.
  • The sequence of amino acids found in a protein is itself the result of the translation of another sequence, a sequence of bases in DNA. There are three bases in the DNA for each amino acid in the protein. This means that comparisons of DNA sequences are finer-grained than comparisons of protein sequences, and can resolve finer differences. The ...
- transferred to a nylon membrane treated with radioactive probes (base sequence complementary to the RFLPs being identified) - placed against X-ray film and exposed for several days - results show two bands: one RFLP from each chromosome - Compare DNA fragment patterns of two or more samples and look for a match between the band sets
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  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

  • Compare the sequences of amino acids for the two mystery dna samples

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